The statistics are quite alarming. Studies and researches indicate that more than 75% of the adults are afflicted with different forms of gum disease like gingivitis and periodontal disease. According to some researches, gum disease may also lead to an increased incidence of heart disease as well. Treatment for these diseases includes ensuring complete dental hygiene along with other precautions and procedures.

The main cause of any kind of gum disease is an inability to maintain proper dental hygiene. In the absence of regular brushing and flossing, food particles tend to get deposited in between the gums and teeth. Bacteria and other pathogens tend to thrive on these food remnants, which lead to tartar and plaque built up. This in turn causes an infection in the supporting bones and tissues, which leads to the onset of periodontal disease.

There are basically two stages of periodontal or gum disease treatment. Melbourne dentists are well versed in all the aspects regarding the periodontal disease treatment and can help you to completely eliminate this problem.

The two main stages of gum disease are:

1. Gingivitis: This is a milder form of the gum disease, which afflicts the gums. The basic symptoms of this disease are swollen, red gums that tend to bleed while brushing. This is a painless stage of the gum disease, which is why most people tend to ignore it or don't even notice it.

2. Periodontis: When gingivitis is ignored, then it leads to Periodontis. Receding gums and formation of pockets around the teeth characterize this disease. Bacteria tend to thrive in these pockets and slowly eat away the supporting bone. The shrinking gums make the teeth appear longer. In the absence of timely periodontal disease treatment, the teeth tend to fall out or may even need to be pulled out to prevent further infection.

Causes of gum disease

The onset of gum disease starts with the formation of plaque. This is a sticky concentrate of bacteria in the mouth. Regular flossing and brushing are important to remove this plaque. With the passage of time, plaque tends to harden into tartar that can only be removed by a dentist. In the absence of good dental care, the bacteria present in the plaque damage the gums and the bone.

Some people are generally at a higher risk of contracting gum disease due to different reasons:

  • Those who don't maintain good dental hygiene
  • People who smoke or chew tobacco
  • Genetic factors i.e. incidence of gum disease in each generation
  • Compromised immune system due to the presence of diseases like leukaemia, AIDS and diabetes.
  • High stress levels
  • Poor dietary habits

The milder version of gum disease is not easy to detect. Healthy gums are pink in colour and not prone to bleeding. They hold the teeth firmly and snugly. In the milder version of gum disease called gingivitis, gums look swollen and red in colour. They are also more prone to bleeding while flossing or brushing.

As the next stage or periodontitis/jawbone disease sets in, the symptoms become more pronounced. These include formation of pus in the gums, loosening of the teeth, constant bad breath and shrinking gums.

It is important to diagnose the problem for a successful gum disease treatment.  Melbourne dentists at  Healthy Smiles, examine the teeth for a number of tell-tale signs like bacterial pockets, plaque and tartar built up, bleeding and shrinking of the gums from the teeth. X-rays are also used to determine the extent of the damage in the surrounding bone.

Gum disease or periodontal disease treatment

The milder version of the disease or gingivitis does not need anything more than regular flossing and brushing. You may also be required to visit your dentist to get your teeth cleaned regularly.

However, things are not so easy in the later stages of the gum disease treatment. At Healthy Smiles, dentists use a variety of procedures like surgery, root planning and scaling and even administer antibiotics depending on the severity of the disease.

Prevention is also an intrinsic part of periodontal disease treatment. Avoiding tobacco products, regular flossing, brushing at least twice a day and regular dental check-ups are some of the ways to prevent the onset of the problem.

Gum disease treatment at our Melbourne dentist practice is available. Come book an appointment by visiting out site at www.helathysmiles.com.au.

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